Our system of justice places the burden of proof of guilt upon the prosecution. The burden never shifts to the defense to prove innocence. Are there some instances where you believe that the burden of proof should shift to the defense to prove the innocence of the defendant?

Our system of justice places the burden of proof of guilt upon the prosecution. The burden never shifts to the defense to prove innocence. Are there some instances where you believe that the burden of proof should shift to the defense to prove the innocence of the defendant?

Writer, below you have 6 discussions and 2 dropbox assignments, and the instruction is attached to each assignment. Please remember not to skip any assignment and place references if needed right underneath that assignment and not at the bottom of the page.

Ingram, J. L. (2012) Criminal Evidence. (11th Ed.) Anderson Publishing Co. ISBN: 978-1-4377-3503-1.

Discussion Assignments This introduction is for Karen Johnson majoring in criminal justice and only has three-semester left to complete her degree. She has two boys and currently employed at the government center in the record department. You may make up the rest of the introduction it has to be at least two paragraphs.

• Introduction: Introduce yourself in the “Introductions” topic of our General Discussions section. Please state your name, profession, hobbies, interest in criminal justice, and any other information that may help us get to know you. The introduction discussion is not graded.

• Online Discussion #1: Please explain what is meant by authenticity, relevancy, and competency. Explain how evidence may be relevant and authentic, but may not be admissible because of Constitutional concerns that render the evidence incompetent. Please post your initial answer by 11:59 pm Wednesday. You will not be able to participate in the discussion until you have posted your initial response to the topic.

Discussion Assignments
• Online Discussion #2: Our system of justice places the burden of proof of guilt upon the prosecution. The burden never shifts to the defense to prove innocence. Are there some instances where you believe that the burden of proof should shift to the defense to prove the innocence of the defendant? (consult your text)

1.Dropbox Assignments
• Case Brief: Maddox v. Montgomery (p. 749). Follow the case brief format in the Content area and the General Guidelines for all Written Assignments section within this syllabus. There are seven (7) sections of the Case Brief who must submit. Submit your case briefing to the correct Dropbox folder by midnight Friday.

Discussion Assignments
• Online Discussion #3: Specific, relevant, character traits of the accused may be introduced into evidence by the defense in federal courts to prove that the accused acted in accordance with those traits. For instance, an accused who is charged with assault may introduce evidence in the form of opinion or reputation evidence to prove that the accused is a peaceful person, and, therefore, would not have committed the assault charged. How much weight do you believe that such evidence should have in determining whether the accused is guilty or not guilty? Explain your position.
Week 4 –
Readings
• Chapters 8-9
• Federal Rules of Evidence 412, 601-603, 605-609, and 612-613
• PowerPoint slides for Chapters 8-9 (in the Content area)

Key Topics: Competency of evidence, witnesses, jury, and judge; Examination of witnesses; Impeachment and rehabilitation of witnesses.

Discussion Assignments
• Online Discussion #4: Assume you are the judge in a criminal trial. A five-year-old child is called to the stand. Discuss what you as the judge might do to ensure that the child witness is “competent” to testify in

Dropbox Assignments
• Fact Scenario Problem Solving Exercise 1: Read the Fact Scenario, found in the Content area for Week 4. Then, analyze the issues presented in the problem questions and solve the evidentiary problem(s

Week 5 –

Readings
• Chapters 10-12
• Federal Rules of Evidence 701-705; 801-802; 803 (1)-(10), (18), (22), and (24); 804 (1)-(3) and (5); 805-806
• PowerPoint slides for Chapters 10-12 (in the Content area)

Key Topics: Privileges; Lay opinion testimony; Expert witness testimony; Hearsay rule and selected exceptions.
Discussion Assignments
• Online Discussion #5: Privileges tend to limit evidence, even though the evidence is relevant and authentic. Assume that a member of a church congregation sought out his pastor to discuss how he could save his soul. The pastor asks for his specific concerns, at which point, the church member told the pastor that he had murdered a child whom he abducted. He then proceeds to tell the pastor of the specifics of the crime. Under these circumstances, do you believe that the clergyman-penitent privilege serves any needs of society? Is there still a need for such a privilege? Is justice served if the privilege is permitted to exclude the evidence of the admissions that the church member made to the pastor
Week 6 –
Readings
• Review Week 5’s reading assignments and read Chapter 16.
• PowerPoint slides for Chapter 16 (in the Content area)

Key Topics: Lay opinion testimony; Expert witness testimony; Hearsay rule and selected exceptions. Search and Seizure/ Self-Incrimination Exclusionary Rules.

Discussion Assignments
• Online Discussion #6: Excited utterances are exceptions to the hearsay rule. The rationale for allowing excited utterances into evidence is that such utterances, while made in the midst of a startling event would be reliable because there is no time to fabricate a false response to the event. Do you agree with this rationale? Support your position (utilize your text).

Dropbox Assignments
• Fact Scenario Problem Solving Exercise 2: Read the Fact Scenario, found in the Content area for Week 6. Then, analyze the issues presented in the problem questions and solve the evidentiary problem(s).

Discussion Assignments
• Online Discussion #7: Do you believe that the reasons first expressed by the United States Supreme Court to exclude evidence obtained by violating the Fourth Amendment rights of the defendant are valid in today’s American society?

Online Discussion #8: A sociologist who holds a doctorate degree in her field claims to have studied 150 cases involving false confessions and opines that she has the expertise to render opinions in court that a confession given by the defendant was true or false. Should the judge permit her opinion to be heard by the jury? Explain your answer.

Writer, below you have 6 discussions and 2 dropbox assignments and the instruction is attached to each assignment. Please remember not to skip any assignment and place references if needed right underneath that assignment and not at the bottom of the page.

Ingram, J. L. (2012) Criminal Evidence. (11th Ed.) Anderson Publishing Co. ISBN: 978-1-4377-3503-1.

Discussion Assignments This introduction is for Karen Johnson majoring in criminal justice and only has three-semester left to complete her degree. She has two boys and currently employed at the government center in the record department. You may make up the rest of the introduction it has to be at least two paragraphs.

• Introduction: Introduce yourself in the “Introductions” topic of our General Discussions section. Please state your name, profession, hobbies, interest in criminal justice, and any other information that may help us get to know you. The introduction discussion is not graded.

• Online Discussion #1: Please explain what is meant by authenticity, relevancy, and competency. Explain how evidence may be relevant and authentic, but may not be admissible because of Constitutional concerns that render the evidence incompetent. Please post your initial answer by 11:59pm Wednesday. You will not be able to participate in the discussion until you have posted your initial response to the topic.

Discussion Assignments
• Online Discussion #2: Our system of justice places the burden of proof of guilt upon the prosecution. The burden never shifts to the defense to prove innocence. Are there some instances where you believe that the burden of proof should shift to the defense to prove the innocence of the defendant? (consult your text)

1.Dropbox Assignments
• Case Brief: Maddox v. Montgomery (p. 749). Follow the case brief format in the Content area and the General Guidelines for all Written Assignments section within this syllabus. There are seven (7) sections of the Case Brief who must submit. Submit your case briefing to the correct Dropbox folder by midnight Friday.

Discussion Assignments
• Online Discussion #3: Specific, relevant, character traits of the accused may be introduced into evidence by the defense in federal courts to prove that the accused acted in accordance with those traits. For instance, an accused who is charged with assault, may introduce evidence in the form of opinion or reputation evidence to prove that the accused is a peaceful person, and, therefore, would not have committed the assault charged. How much weight do you believe that such evidence should have in determining whether the accused is guilty or not guilty? Explain your position.
Week 4 –
Readings
• Chapters 8-9
• Federal Rules of Evidence 412, 601-603, 605-609, and 612-613
• PowerPoint slides for Chapters 8-9 (in the Content area)

Key Topics: Competency of evidence, witnesses, jury, and judge; Examination of witnesses; Impeachment and rehabilitation of witnesses.

Discussion Assignments
• Online Discussion #4: Assume you are the judge in a criminal trial. A five-year-old child is called to the stand. Discuss what you as the judge might do to ensure that the child witness is “competent” to testify in

Dropbox Assignments
• Fact Scenario Problem Solving Exercise 1: Read the Fact Scenario, found in the Content are for Week 4. Then, analyze the issues presented in the problem questions and solve the evidentiary problem(s

Week 5 –

Readings
• Chapters 10-12
• Federal Rules of Evidence 701-705; 801-802; 803 (1)-(10), (18), (22), and (24); 804 (1)-(3) and (5); 805-806
• PowerPoint slides for Chapters 10-12 (in the Content area)

Key Topics: Privileges; Lay opinion testimony; Expert witness testimony; Hearsay rule and selected exceptions.
Discussion Assignments
• Online Discussion #5: Privileges tend to limit evidence, even though the evidence is relevant and authentic. Assume that a member of a church congregation sought out his pastor to discuss how he could save his soul. The pastor asks for his specific concerns, at which point, the church member told the pastor that he had murdered a child whom he abducted. He then proceeds to tell the pastor of the specifics of the crime. Under these circumstances, do you believe that the clergyman-penitent privilege serves any needs of society? Is there still a need for such a privilege? Is justice served if the privilege is permitted to exclude the evidence of the admissions that the church member made to the pastor
Week 6 –
Readings
• Review Week 5’s reading assignments and read Chapter 16.
• PowerPoint slides for Chapter 16 (in the Content area)

Key Topics: Lay opinion testimony; Expert witness testimony; Hearsay rule and selected exceptions. Search and Seizure/ Self-Incrimination Exclusionary Rules.

Discussion Assignments
• Online Discussion #6: Excited utterances are exceptions to the hearsay rule. The rationale for allowing excited utterances into evidence is that such utterances, while made in the midst of a startling event would be reliable because there is no time to fabricate a false response to the event. Do you agree with this rationale? Support your position (utilize your text).

Dropbox Assignments
• Fact Scenario Problem Solving Exercise 2: Read the Fact Scenario, found in the Content are for Week 6. Then, analyze the issues presented in the problem questions and solve the evidentiary problem(s).

Discussion Assignments
• Online Discussion #7: Do you believe that the reasons first expressed by the United States Supreme Court to exclude evidence obtained by violating the Fourth Amendment rights of the defendant are valid in today’s American society?

Online Discussion #8: A sociologist who holds a doctorate degree in her field claims to have studied 150 cases involving false confessions and opines that she has the expertise to render opinions in court that a confession given by the defendant was true or false. Should the judge permit her opinion to be heard by the jury? Explain your answer

ANSWER.

PAPER DETAILS
Academic LevelCollege (1-2 years: Freshmen, Sophomore)
Subject AreaCriminal Justice
Paper Type Coursework
Number of Pages6 Page(s)/1650 words
Sources8
Paper FormatMLA
SpacingDouble spaced
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