The Literature Review (1)
- Use relevant, academic sources (preferably journal articles as these report the findings of primary research studies) – use a minimum of 5 academic sources
- Structure the review around each RQ (thematic structure)
– 1 paragraph per RQ issue – 3 RQs therefore 3 paragraphs in the LR e.g. paragraph 1 should focus on the issue raised in RQ1, paragraph 2 on the issue raised in RQ2 and paragraph 3 on the issue raised in RQ3.
– begin each paragraph with a topic sentence introducing the issue raised in the RQ
– then compare what previous studies have found about the issue raised (using linking word + author name + reporting verb)
– end the paragraph by analysing a strength and/or weakness of at least one of the studies reviewed in the paragraph.
– each paragraph should focus on comparison rather than analysis.
The Literature Review (2)
- Compare the findings of the studies in each paragraph
- For example did each of the studies have similar findings or different findings? Did the authors of the studies therefore agree or disagree with each other?
– use the linking word + author name + reporting verb structure to make the comparison clear
– e.g. ‘Similarly, Smith (2009) discovered that peer pressure was the main factor that influenced young people’s decision to start smoking’.
– Do not describe the studies.
The Literature Review (3)
- Analyse the strengths and/or weaknesses of at least one study in each paragraph
- For example is the study highly up-to-date? Is the study particularly relevant to your study, e.g. also focussed on young people’s attitudes? Is the sample appropriate to your study? Did they use a similar methodology? Where was the research conducted?
– first state the strength/weakness in one sentence e.g. ‘A weakness of the study by Smith (2009) is that it did not focus on the attitudes of young people specifically’.
– second explain the strength/weakness in one sentence e.g. ‘It does not therefore closely relate to this study which concentrates on young people’s attitudes’.
– Analyse sources individually and include the citation to make the analysis clear.
– You do not have to identify one strength and one weakness for each source and you should not analyse every source.
– Each paragraph should contain more comparison than analysis.
|Academic Level||College (3-4 years: Junior, Senior)|
|Subject Area||Business Studies|
|Paper Type||Draft Research Proposal|
|Number of Pages||5 Page(s)/1375 words|